CALIFORNIAN, Monterey: No. 4
Saturday, September 12, 1846

Published every Saturday Morning by Colton And Semple.
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OREGON. There can be but little doubt that the question in dispute between the United States and Great Britain respecting Oregon, will come to an amicable adjustment. The statement of Sir Robert Peel, on the floor of Parliament, and the recent note in the U.S. Senate, clearly indicates a disposition in both parties to attempt a compromise on the 48th degree of latitude. When there is a disposition between two nations to compromise a difficulty on honorable terms, there is little danger of war. Neither country in this matter has much to gain by obstinacy, and both have much to lose by war. We have received from Mr. Bartlette a file of the OREGON SPECTATOR. It is a neat compact sheet, well filled with interesting matter, and is highly creditable, in its whole appearance, to its enterprising publisher. The Spectator talks pretty large of their doings in that quarter. One would think from the reverence with which they speak of their institutions that they must have been founded by the patriarchs of the Old Testament. We learn from the Spectator that the sale of ardent spirits is not allowed in Oregon. We see that one man was fined, by the Court, twenty dollars for having clandestinely sold a glass. This country intends to be from the first start a land of temperance. She will reap her reward in the morality, enterprise and wealth of her inhabitants. Let her stick to cold water and avoid rum as she would the seventh plague of Egypt.


Saturday, January 30, 1847

Our mail bag for the United States, by the ship Sterling, Capt. Vincent, will be closed on the 4th of February, as the ship will sail about that time for Boston direct. The citizens generally can have an opportunity of sending letters by our mail, by depositing them in the Star Office by the morning of the 4th.

We learn from persons recently from Oregon, that there will be a large emigration from that country to this next spring. They will start as soon as they can cross the Cascade mountains. Mr. S.K. Barlow is authorized by an act of the legislature, to open a road across the Cascade mountains. A pilotage has been established at the mouth of the Columbia.


Saturday, July 10, 1847

OREGON. In this country great scarcity is prevailing, - a party of fifty emigrants, recently arrived, report an almost utter failure of the wheat crop apprehended, it being confidently believed that there would not be a realization adequate to the amount sowed. The inducement of our broad and fertile lands attracted this company hither, to be followed, we understand by a more extensive emigration. A similar scarcity was represented them, having befallen California, and prior to their departure, exaggerated accounts of the progress of the war, and threatened starvation were freely circulated, with the intention of deterring them from their premeditated journey. They will find here, we trust, that which they sought elsewhere, and profit by the exchange.


Saturday, September 4, 1847

From Fort Hall. A party of three arrived at this place on Sunday last, thirty days from Fort Hall. We make from the Journal which has been kindly loaned us the following interesting extracts:

"July 20th - About 150 miles beyond Ft. Hall, on Bear river, met Gen. Kearney, and Col. Fremont; all in good health, having met with no difficulty from Indians.

Aug. 9th - About 300 miles from Sutter's, 100 miles beyond the sink of Mary's river, met Com. Stockton and party. This party, while on Tucky's river, 20 miles upward, were attacked two successive nights by the Lake Indians; Com. Stockton receiving an arrow wound in the foot, though slightly injured. One else was wounded, and several horses killed. This occurred on the nights of the 4th and 5th of August."

The emigration is tolerably well advanced and not inconsiderable. On the 29th June, 83 waggons were at Green river, and up to the 30th July, 337 waggons had passed Ft. Hall for Oregon. The winter in the mountains has been unusually severe. Fts. Hall and Bridger had each sustained an exceedingly heavy loss in stock and horses. It was estimated by Capt. Grant of Ft. Hall, that the Snake tribe of Indians had experienced no less a loss than 6,000 head of horses. Our informant passed unmolested through tribes of most hostile Indians. Pack companies of the emigrants will probably arrive at the upper settlements during the latter part of the present month; its general health is good, and no cases of suffering are mentioned. Judge Edwin Bryant, in company with Gen. Kearney, was in excellent health and spirits. One of the party late from the emigration, informs us that not less than 1,500 waggons had been turned aside, through the exertions of persons employed by Oregon, and sent to intercept the California migration, with printed circulars, containing the grossest exaggerations and misrepresentations of California. It was alleged that famine was prevailing, the war protracted and bloody, and hundreds suffering. It is highly dishonorable and injurious to her own interests, these selfish exertions, and must occasion much discontent among the deceived settlers. For the information of the emigrant it is proper to state that the southern route to this country is practicable, and not as represented in the circular, said to have been put forth by the Governor of Oregon. California is not at all likely to be ever threatened with a famine. The crops are this season uncommonly fine, and assistance greatly in demand.

Saturday, October 23, 1847

The Oregon Mail Line of Steamers are to run monthly from Charleston, South Carolina, to Charges, touching at St. Augustine, Key West and Havana. The mail will then be conveyed by land carriage across the isthmus, from Charges to Panama, where it will be received by steamers for Astoria, or the mouth of the Columbia river, touching at Monterey, San Francisco, and other places. The cost is not to exceed $100,000 per annum. United States postmasters are to be appointed at Astoria and other points on the Pacific. Postage on a single letter to Charges, 20 cents, Havana 12 1/2 cents, Panama, 30 cents, and to the Pacific coast 30 cents.

The Californian, San Francisco
June 30, 1848

Encouraging, Messrs. E.P. Barnett and Jacob N. Metzger, who arrived here from Oregon on the 20th May last, in the schooner Mary Ann, to look at California, with an eye to its agricultural prospects, after remaining a few days at this place, repaired to the gold region. They have since returned, and it is their intention to go back to Oregon, for their families, in the Brig Henry, which vessel will sail in a few days. They take back with them the round sum of $1280 in gold, (80 oz.) which they collected in the short space of twenty-two days. This must certainly be more encouraging than hard labor at $15 per month, payable in shiplasters and Oregon script, worth fifty cents on the dollar. Indian troubles were still existing in Oregon, up to the 20th of May.

The California Star & Californian, San Francisco
Nov. 8, 1848

Juba River Goldmines, Mr. Editor:

Knowing from information the interest you take in the prosperity of California, I address this hasty communication to you for the purpose of placing before your readers some intelligence that may be interesting to them and to the public generally. I am one of the wagon party just arrived from Oregon; and the success of our new enterprise has been such as to afford us much gratification. You are no doubt aware of the fact, that our wagons were the first ever brought through from Oregon to this country, and that such a project has, until now been considered impracticable. I came to Oregon in the fall of 1843, with the first wagons which penetrated to the Dalles, and have had the good fortune to be one of the first party that came with wagons from Oregon to California. When we were preparing to start, we were aware of the uncertain issue of the attempt, and we prepared ourselves to meet and overcome difficulties now impossible. Our train consisted of some forty-six wagons and about one hundred and fifty men. We were well provided with provisions, and means of every kind necessary to enable us to accomplish the trip. We left Oregon City about the 10th of September and reached the Valley of the Sacramento on the 25th October, seven miles from Capt. Peter Lawson's (Lassen - Mae Helene Bacon Boggs). We followed Applegate's Southern route from Fort Hall to Oregon until we came past the little Klamet lake. We then turned to the right, passing on the east side of New Year's lake, from which we bore south-east forty miles to the Sacramento, laid down on most of the maps as Pitt river, at the point where we struck this stream, we came across a wagon trail made by a party of Immigrants from the United States, and conducted by Cap. Lawson as pilot. They had passed about twenty-five days before us. We followed this trail until we overtook this party in the California mountains, some forty miles from the Sacramento valley. They had passed the summit of the mountains some thirty-five miles without having had to make the mark of an axe or spade. From the point at which we overtook the party the only obstruction to our passage down the mountain was fallen timber and loose rock upon the surface. Some ten or fifteen hands cut out the road in one day as far as the timber extended - say fifteen miles - and did it as fast as the wagons could follow. The loose rock was then the only remaining obstruction, most of which we did not stop to remove, but made our way over them without any greater difficulty than breaking down some two wagons out of fifty. Some day or two before we overtook the emigrant party about one-half of them had abandoned their wagons and started with their baggage packed upon their oxen. We found the pass through the mountains one of the finest natural passes in the world. The ascent and descent are very gradual and with a little labor an excellent road could be made. All the labor we bestowed upon the road could have been performed by about four men in the space of three or four days. The worst part of the road from Oregon to California is the pass through the Umpqua mountains, called the Kanyan, on Applegate's route. We found the whole route very well supplied with grass and water. We had one drive of thirty miles to make without water - one of twenty and one of eighteen. Our party were exceedingly fortunate. We lost very few animals - most, if not all of which, strayed off - and met with no material accident on the way, except one young man was accidentally slightly wounded in the hand, with a gun, and another was shot through the wrist with an Indian arrow, in a little skirmish at New Year lake. The route for wagons is now open, and the approaching year will witness the passage of many wagons from Oregon to California. This route must prove of great benefit to parties of emigrants from Oregon and from the United States. PETER H. BURNETT.

The Post Roads of Oregon

We find published officially in the "National Intelligencer" a law establishing post roads in the different States and Territories:

Oregon: From Astoria, via mouth of the Colitz river, Plymouth, Portland, Milwaukie, Oregon City, Linn City, Lafayette, Nathaniel Ford's, Nesmith's Mills, Marysville, John Lloyd's, Eugene F. Skinner's, Pleasant Hill, to the mouth of the Umpqua river. From the Umpqua valley to Sacramento City, in California. From Oregon city, via Champoeg, Salem, Hamilton, Campbell's, Albany, Kirk's Ferry, W.B. Malay's, to Jacob Spore's, in Linn county. From Nesqually, via Conlitz settlement, to the mouth of Conlitz river. From Portland, via Vancouver, to the Dalles of the Columbia river. From Portland to Hillsborough. From Oregon City to Harrison Wright's on Mollala. From Hamilton Campbell's to Jacob Conser's, Santyam Forks. From Linn City to Hillsborough.

Shasta Courier
Saturday March 11, 1871

Hood's Railroad Surveying Party, after having completed and corrected the preliminary survey of the contemplated Oregon and California line from Tehama county through Shasta and Siskiyou to the State line of Oregon, were discharged at this place this week. Hood and Shackleford went below and remain in the employ of the Company; the rest of the party were discharged, and a number of them struck out for "Ben Holladay's railroad" in Webfoot.

The San Francisco Alta, in its financial intelligence, has the following, concerning the bonds of the Oregon and California Railroad: "Subscriptions are invited in London by the London and San Francisco Bank (Limited), for $3,000,000 7 per cent. First Mortgage Bonds of the Oregon and California Railroad Company. Capital $20,000,000. The issue forms part of a total of $10,950,000, of which $4,150,000 were issued las year in Germany and the remainder is yet to be issued, the whole is repayable in 1890 at par, with principal and interest payable in New York in gold, and free of all United States Government tax. The railway is to extend about 300 miles from Portland, in Oregon, to the California frontier, where it will join the California and Oregon Railroad, running to San Francisco and at present in course of construction; it is partly finished and the whole, it is expected, will be open for traffic by the end of 1872. The company is also owner of adjacent lands, granted by the U.S. Government to the extent of 4,672,000 acres, all very fertile, and are to be sold by the bondholders' trustees, for the purpose of paying off the Mortgages. The price of issue is 154 25 6d, per bond of $1,000, equivalent to 68 1/2 per cent. of the nominal value. This is one of the choicest securities put upon the London market. The lands are at the rate of $2 25 per acre for the choicest select farm lands in the world. The loan, will no doubt, find prompt takers. The bonds themselves are convertible into the land at the will of the bondholders, on presentation to the trustees, who hold the lands applicable solely to their redemption.

Shasta Courier
Saturday, April 8, 1871

Stage. By referring to advertisement it will be seen that Sanderson, Parker & Co., are the proprietors of the California and Oregon Coast Line Stage Company. See change of time.

Summer Arrangements - Portland to San Francisco 5 Days - Through to San Francisco in 24 hours. California & Oregon Coast Line Stage Co. Sanderson Parker & Co. Proprietors. Departure of Stages for Red Bluff & Tehama 6 1/2 P.M. connecting with the cars at Tehama

For French Gulch, Trinity Valley, Callaghan's Ranch, Scott Valley, Yreka, Jacksonville and through to Portland, Oregon, daily, upon the arrival of the lower stage, 7 A.M.

Office - At the Empire Hotel. John Craddock, Agent.

Yreka Journal
Wednesday, April 12, 1871

Sold Out. We learn that the Sacramento river mail line has been sold to the Oregon and California Stage Company, and that the latter company will soon transfer their rolling stock to the Sacramento river road. It will probably take a month yet to fix up Stations, barns etc., before the transfer can be made. This change will certainly give us much faster time from the end of the railroad, by reducing the time to probably forty hours from Yreka to San Francisco, when the roads become dry and solid. The stage company is now making a day faster time, and as soon as it is safe to cross Scott Mountain in the night, will make 10 or 12 hours faster time between Yreka and Red Bluff. The snow is melting off rapidly and it cannot be many days before staging will be good over Scott Mountain.

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