Chronology of Oregon Events
Spanish explorers sight the Oregon Coast north of the
parallel near the Rogue River.
British Major Robert Rogers uses the name "Ouragon" in
to explore the country west of the
British Captain James Cook trades along the Oregon
of his journals about these
voyages spurs great interest in future trade.
American sea captain Robert Gray and British explorer
George Vancouver arrive at the mouth of the Columbia
River on separate voyages of discovery. Gray names
the river after his ship, "Columbia Rediviva."
Alexander McKenzie leads an expedition over the
Canadian Rockies to the Pacific.
Sent by President Thomas Jefferson, the Lewis and
reaches the mouth of the Columbia
British trader and explorer David Thompson completes a
survey of the Columbia River. The Pacific Fur
Company, founded by American financier John Jacob
Astor, establishes a string of trading posts along the
British interests take control of Fort Astoria and
rename it Fort George.
Jane Barnes becomes the first woman to land in 1814 Oregon.
The United States and Great Britain agree on "joint
for the Oregon Country.
The Adams-Onis Treaty establishes the 42nd parallel as
boundary of the Oregon Country.
The Hudson's Bay Company acquires a fur monopoly for
all of British North America after merging with the
North West Company.
Dr. John Floyd urges Congress to look into settling
the "Origon" territory,
marking the first American use
of the name.
John McLoughlin, Chief Factor of the Columbia District
for the Hudson's Bay Company, constructs Fort
Vancouver on the north bank of the Columbia and uses
it as his headquarters.
The United States and Great Britain renew the terms of
the 1818 "joint occupancy" agreement for the Oregon
Hall Jackson Kelley organizes the "American Society
for Encouraging the Settlement of the Oregon
Epidemics strike the Oregon Indians, killing thousands
along the Columbia and Willamette Rivers.
Three Nez Perce and one Flathead Indian travel to St.
Louis reportedly seeking knowledge of Christianity.
Nathaniel Wyeth leads an American colonizing
expedition overland to the Columbia but the venture
Separate expeditions, led by Wyeth and Kelley, arrive
at Fort Vancouver. Methodist
missionaries Jason and
Daniel Lee accompany Wyeth to Fort Vancouver and
a mission ten miles north of present day
Marcus and Narcissa Whitman and other missionaries
establish missions among the Indians. Mrs. Whitman
and the other missionary wives become the first white
to cross the Continental Divide. On orders from
President Andrew Jackson, Lieutenant William Slacum
arrives to report on conditions in Oregon.
The Willamette Cattle Company is formed marking the
first cooperative venture among Oregon settlers.
Jason Lee delivers a petition to Congress asking for
legislation securing title to lands that settlers
occupy and for the extension of the laws of the United
States over the Oregon Country. Fathers Francois
Blanchet and Modeste Demers, Catholic missionaries,
arrive in Oregon.
Parties of Americans from California and Illinois, and
reinforcements to the Methodist mission, arrive in the
Willamette Valley.1822 Dr. John Floyd urges Congress to look into settling
the "Origon" territory, marking the first American use
of the name.
Ewing Young's death and the need to probate his estate
prompt some American settlers to attempt to establish
a provisional government. Three meetings are held at
Champoeg but because French Canadians refuse to
participate, no government is established.
John McLoughlin plats his land claim and names it
Settlers meet to deal with the menance of wild
animals. The "Wolf Meetings" lead to the drafting of
a constitution and the formation of Oregon's first
Acts to prohibit slavery and to exclude blacks and
mulattoes from Oregon are passed.
The Hudson's Bay Company officially recognizes the
provisional government. The executive committee is
reorganized and changes are made to allow British
participation in the government. Two thousand
settlers now reside in the Willamette Valley.
The United States and Great Britain agree to divide
the Oregon Country at the forty-ninth parallel.
Hudson's Bay Company headquarters are moved from Fort
Vancouver to Fort Victoria on Vancouver Island. John
McLoughlin resigns his position as Chief Factor and
moves to Oregon City. The Applegate Trail is
established off of the Oregon Trail. The "Oregon
Spectator" begins publication.
The Whitmans and twelve others are killed by the
Cayuse Indians at the Waiilatpu Mission.
The Oregon Country is made a United States territory.
The territorial government convenes in Oregon City.
More settlers move to the Oregon Territory and
Indian-white hostilities increase as results of the
passage of the "Donation Land Law." Congress provides
for the renegotiation of treaties with the Indians of
the territory. Gold is discovered in the Rogue River
Valley leading to the establishment of cities and
towns in Southern Oregon. Five Indians are sentenced
to hang for the "Whitman Massacre."
Washington Territory is created from land north of the
Columbia River. Willamette University is chartered.
A treaty is made creating the Oregon Territory's first
Indian Reservation at Table Rock.
Congress authorizes making treaties, whenever
necessary, with the Indians in the Oregon Territory.
A convention is held in Salem to write a state
constitution. Voters overwhelmingly approve the
document that fall.
Congress admits Oregon as the thirty-third state on
©1998 Roxann Gess Smith
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