Idaho Facts

Idaho Territory created March 3, 1863.

Idaho admitted as a State July 3, 1890.

Total area, 84,313 square miles, or 53,960,320 acres.

Possesses 3,599,120 more acres than the combined area of New York and Pennsylvania.

Area is classified as follows: Agricultural lands, 21,000,000 acres; mineral lands, 5,000,000 acres; timbered lands, 20,000,000 acres; grazing lands, 7,960,320 acres.

Population, 1915 (estimated) 385,000; in 1910, 325,594. Elevation 700 to 12,000 feet above sea level.

Mean temperature is 56 degrees; milder by 5 degrees than Ohio and 12 degrees milder than Maine and New Hampshire.Has no floods or severe storms.

According to United States Census Bureau, Idaho is the healthiest State in the Union.

Mortality rating shows: Idaho, 0.33.

Possesses many artesian and nature/1 hot springs that are fine as health resorts.

The assessed valuation of Idaho in 1915 was $416,538,946.28. The assessed valuation in 1890 was only $20,000,000.

Idaho received $75,651.15 from the United States Forestry Bureau in 1915, for a road-building fund, and for schools within the national forests. Idaho has issued more good roads bonds than any other state in the West.

There are approximately 19,300,000 acres of unsurveyed land, mostly forest land, in Idaho; 1,250,000 acres were surveyed in 1915.

Idaho sells her State grant lands on 40 years' time, and loans the sale proceeds on farms at a fair rate of interest. The land sells at a minimum of $10 an acre.

Idaho has 2,102,643 acres of State lands leased in 1915, which paid a total rental of $317,842.08. Lands are leased for grazing and for farming purposes.

The assessed valuation of electrical transmission lines in Idaho was $10,885,482 in 1915.

Idaho became "dry" by statute, January 1st, 1916. Idaho shipped 20,000,000 pounds of Wool in 1915; the total receipts from mutton and wool were close to $3,500,000.

Idaho sugar factories produced 100,000,000 pounds of sugar in 1915. Idaho raised 1,000,000 tons of alfalfa in 1915.

Idaho raised $3,000,000 worth of seeds--clovers, peas and grass--in 1915. The output of Idaho mines was $30,000,000 in 1915. Women have unlimited franchise in Idaho.

Idaho has 10,000,000 acres susceptible to irrigation.

The Yellowstone National Park is reached via the Union Pacific System through Idaho. One can take a sleeper from Salt Lake City, in the evening, and wake up next morning at the Park entrance.

Shoshone Falls, Idaho, is 212 feet high--46 feet higher than Niagara-and the canyon and surroundings are incomparably grander. You can reach the brink of the Falls by electric car from the City of Twin Falls.

Arrowrock Dam, the highest dam in the world, is reached by rail, from Boise, Idaho. It is 258.5 feet above foundations, and foundations are 90 feet deep--348.5 feet in all. It required 530,000 cubic yards of concrete. The dam stores water for 240,000 acres of irrigated land, all served by the Union Pacific System.

More than 100 farmers were eligible for the "One-Hundred-Dollars-AnAcre Club," proposed to be organized by the Twin Falls tract farmers in 1915; the membership limited only to farmers who had received $100, or more, per acre, from their crops, in 1915. Most of these returns were from clover seed. Almost equal yields were reported at other places along the Snake River, though in no other large locality was clover seed quite so general a crop.

The average of deaths per 100,000 from tuberculosis all over the United States, is 161.3. The average in Idaho is but 45 per 100,000--and most of these brought it to Idaho.

You have a better than a two-to-one chance to save your loved little babes in Idaho, than the average of the United States. Idaho loses but 71 out of each 1000 under a year old; the average for the United States is 143.9-one out of every 7!

The 1910 U. S. Census credits Idaho with $172,012 worth of clover seed; yet the Twin Falls tract alone marketed almost a million dollars' worth in 1914. The 1910 census gave Idaho only 234 acres of peas; the St. Anthony growers alone sold a million dollars' worth, in 1913, and, again, in 1914. The figures are not yet at hand for the year 1915, but they are estimated as nearly doubled.

Idaho Falls, Idaho, has the largest municipal power plant in the United States, built and operated by the city as a commercial proposition. Idaho produces close to 25,000,000 pounds of wool, a year, from 3,000,000 sheep.

The two largest buildings in the world to be heated by electricity, are two Idaho school houses--at Mountain Home, Elmore County, and at Rupert, Minidoka County.

There are more "chimneyless" farm homes around Twin Falls, Burley and Rupert, Idaho, than anywhere else in the world, outside of the tropics. Electricity is used in these districts for heating and cooking. All Southern Idaho is coming to use these same facilities.

~There are 3,092 separate and distinct irrigation enterprises, large and small, in Idaho, according to the U. S. Census of 1910.

Idaho has a smaller proportion of children working in factories or stores, than any other State in the Union.

Idaho has enough land now irrigable, to make 216,000 homes of 40 acres each.

Idaho had 414 farms in 1870, worth $5.11 an acre. In 1910, there were 30,807 farms, worth, with their improvements, $46.38 an acre.

Idaho has a million and a half acres of State and School lands that can be leased or purchased on easy terms.

The Celilo Canal, in the Columbia River, now ready for use, brings to Idaho direct water communication with'the Pacific Ocean.

The value per capita of all Idaho products, from forests, mines and fields, is about $300.00 annually.

The average cost of comfortably housing farm stock is hardly one-third as great in Idaho as in the Eastern States, owing to the milder, drier winters. Expensive barns are not necessary in Idaho.

Sheep raising on the farm--from 20 to 200 head in single flocks--is proving profitable in Idaho, now that the great ranges have been cut up.

The forest reserves of Idaho pay more than $60,000 a year into the rogd and school funds of the State; besides a great amount of road building is done by the forest rangers.

Idaho has 3 Indian reservations, and an Indian population of 3,761. There are 1,398 miles of main irrigation canals, and 3,259 miles of main laterals, in Idaho. The total mileage of distributing canals is more than 12,000 miles.

Idaho has 2,642 miles of railroad. The U. P. System has 1,227 miles of this total.

Excellent tobacco, worth from $90 to $200 an acre, is grown in some of the lower, sheltered Idaho Valleys.

Idaho has 65 producing mines.

Idaho produces 40 per cent of all the lead mined in the United States. Idaho produced 16,417,080 pounds of zinc, in 1912.

Idaho has no ~ontract convict system. Convicts, however, may be employed on State roads, and, in 1914, they cleared up a large acreage of State sage brush lands; ready for cultivation.

The average wheat yield for the whole United States is about 12.5 bushels per acre. The Idaho average is 26.6 bushels. These figures are from the U. S. Census Report, 1910.

Idaho orchards are not assessed as such until the trees are 4 years old; until that time the land is regarded as non-productive.

For the 21,000 acres of corn grown in Idaho, in 1914, the average yield per acre was 31 bushels.

Idaho ships 5,000 cars of potatoes a year, to the outside market. Statistics show that Idaho hogs are less affected by hog cholera than in any other State. Many important hog-producing districts have never seen a case of cholera or swine plague. These figures are from the official report of the Idaho Live Stock Sanitary Board, 1914.

Only 5 cases of tubercular troubles, in cattle of all kinds, were reported by the State Veterinarian, in 1914--out of the total of 55,379 dairy cows and the 150,739 other cattle assessed.

Caldwell, Idaho, claims the biggest horse market in the Northwest. It handles almost a million dollars worth of horses a year.

Idaho has 200,000 electrical horsepower now in use--and not one-tenth of the electrical possibilities utilized in any way.

An estimate of 5,000 deer are killed in Idaho every year; about 250 elk, 100 mountain sheep and goats; and several hundred thousand trout are caught with hook and line. The State plants 6,000,000 trout fry every season.

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