Umatilla County wheat lands are capable of supporting many times the present number of farmers in localities where soil and moisture conditions are unusually favorable. While it probably cannot be more profitably wheat farmed than in the present large units, the time is coming when smaller acreages with diversified farming and

In the Cold Springs Reservoir, water to irrigate 13,000 acres is stored in the early spring, insuring abundant crops on the Umatilla Project.

farmers living and working on their farms the year round growing forage crops as well as grain crops and carrying sufficient livestock to consume the feed, will be more prevalent. There are thousands of acres capable of producing a good tonnage of alfalfa, a fair yield of corn, as well as beans, peas, potatoes and other intertilled crops.


Mild winters, a long frost-free season, a fertile soil and plenty of water for irrigation and almost any crop will grow in abundance. Out of the desert lands, through irrigation, has been created some of the most highly productive districts in the West filled with thrifty farmers, happy homes and good schools and in close proximity to progressive towns and main lines of railroad transportation. In all there are 56,040 acres in the county on which irrigation water is applied. Part of this is located in narrow strips along the Umatilla River and its tributaries above Echo, extending through the heart of the wheat belt to the Blue Mountains. This widely scattered acreage is irrigated only during the spring and the early part of the summer before the streams get low, but yields an average of three tons per acre of alfalfa, which is grown almost exclusively.

Most of the irrigated lands are in the west end of the county and come under three main irrigation projects, the Umatilla Project around Hermiston, the Furnish Project around Stanfield and the Westland Irrigation District west of Echo, all bordering on each other in one compact body. The first named, consisting of about 12,000 acres, is a U. S. Reclamation Project, described on page 21. The other two are projects developed with private capital.

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